Derived from the “fruits or seeds” of a tree belonging to the genus known as “Azadirachta” is an essential oil called Neem Oil. This oil is extracted from a tree belonging to the “Azadirachta indica” species in the plant kingdom. Furthermore, this oil is extracted from the seed or the fruit of the tree by either using the cold pressing or control pressing process. This oil can also be extracted using solvents such as ether, petro ether, ethyl acetate, and dilute alcohol. In addition, this oil comprises of a pungent odour, and is bitter in taste.
A. Chemical constituents of Neem Oil:
This oil is extracted from the seeds or fruits of a tree belonging to the “Azadirachta indica” species in the plant kingdom. In addition, this oil comprises of two major phytochemicals in the form of Azadirachtin and triterpenoid. However, this oil also consists of sterols such as campesterol, beta-sitosterol, and stigmasterol, fatty acids, and alkaloids.
B. The uses and benefits of Neem Oil:
There are a number of benefits that one can gain by using this oil. However, one should also consider the adverse reactions or side effects reported from its use:
This oil when used helps in the treatment of internal as well as external wounds by destroying disease causing microbes, and thereby serving as an antiseptic.
This oil also exhibits “anthelmintic” property when used by suppressing the growth of parasitic worms in the intestines, and thereby preventing parasitic infections.
This oil when used helps in flushing out waste products formed within the urinary system such as kidney stone, and thereby serves as a diuretic.
This oil also possesses an “antifungal” property, and so when used helps in inhibiting the growth of fungus and thereby prevent fungal infection such as ringworm.
This oil helps in neutralizing the effects of free radicals and thereby serves as an antioxidant by suppressing the process of aging by preventing wrinkle formation.
C. The adverse effects of the Neem Oil:
There is one major adverse effect that may occur on using this oil. It is as follows:
- The use of this oil may severely affect pregnancy, and hence pregnant women must avoid using it.